The insufficiency of women in the Mexico Phone Number List sector has not always been relevant. By the early 19 th century, women are positioned behind the computer and this sector is predominantly female . Today unknown to the general public, Ada Lovelace and Hedy Lamarr have participated in the foundation of digital science. Ada lovelace Ada Lovelace (1815-1852) is an English countess known for having produced the first computer program . A visionary genius, she developed what she called a “poetic science”. For nearly 20 years, she built with Charles Babbage at her side “the analytical machine”, a century-old ancestor of the modern
computer. It also models what would allow a machine to act on its own. This would aim to master, in addition to basic numerical calculation, numbers and symbols: “the machine weaves algebraic patterns like Jacquard’s trade weaves flowers and leaves”. The first computer programming was born. In his homage, his name is given to the programming language: “Ada” by the US Department of Defense (DoD) in 1978. Hedy lamarrHedy Lamarr, Actress, Vintage, Movies, Motion Pictures Hedy Lamarr (1914-2000) is a Hollywood actress and inventor of WiFi technology . In the context of the Second World War, in 1941 she imagined an
The Surprising Evolution Of The Position
undetectable guiding system for torpedoes thanks to frequency hopping, from perforated music sheets. Its principle is now used for GPS, encrypted communications and WiFi. And many others… Grace Hopper, Margaret Hamilton, Frances Allen, Adele Goldberg… all of them have contributed to the development of digital science . 2. The surprising evolution of the position of women in the digital world From the domination of IT professions in the 1970s … In the 1970s, of all technical training, the IT sector was the second with the most women engineers . Digital technology has long been a little-known field: considered to be tertiary and
devoid of its transversal aspect. “Numerical computing” was far from the prestige of traditional scientific fields. From the 1980s, this sector was more and more coveted by men, reducing the proportion of women in this sector, their number remaining constant. … When it crashed in the 1980s This graph is taken from the study ” Gender effect: the paradox of computer studies ” carried out by Isabelle Collet, researcher at the University of Geneva, specialist in educational sciences. The trend concerning the world of engineers is particular. In fact, although the proportion of women remains in the minority, there has been a dramatic
When It Crashed In The 1980s
increase in the number of women graduating from engineering schools in recent decades. Figure 1: Percentage of women graduating from engineering schools from 1972 to 2010, the IT section was renamed STIC in the early 2000s. In addition, according to a report published by the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, engineering schools comprised 72% of men and 28% of women in 2011. Today, the situation is stagnant, women represent still less than 30% of the workforce in engineering schools. On the other hand, we observe on the blue curve, that unlike the growth of other branches of engineering, that of digital has not
seen any positive evolution . Still according to Isabelle Collet’s study, we see on the graph below the number (be careful, we are changing units!) Of students graduating with the computer option. Figure 2: Number of students graduating from the computer science option then STIC in five engineering schools from 1980 to 2010. This has remained stable and has survived the years while the digital sector is experiencing rapid development and offers a considerable amount of jobs. So, of course in terms of proportion… that’s not terrible! The digital world has become transversal and essential to the development of all other sectors.