The signature allows a person to Spain Phone Number List himself on an act, to which it confers its probative value. Originally, it is handwritten, it is a graphic design on a paper document. At the electronic level, like everything that is digital, it is a sequence of 0s and 1s which allow the encoding of sequences of letters, numbers or characters associated with a document. In both cases, the signature must be the guarantee of the authenticity, integrity and non-repudiation of an electronic document, and a means of authenticating its author. On March 13, 2000, law n ° 2000-230 adapting the law of evidence to information technologies and

relating to electronic signatures was adopted. Written documents on electronic media are therefore admitted as evidence in the same way as handwritten documents on paper, but under certain conditions. First, the person from whom it emanates must be able to be authenticated. Then, the integrity and authenticity of the document must be maintained. Therefore, a handwritten signature scanned on his computer or a signature on his personal tablet are not considered valid electronic signatures, because they are difficult to trace and defend in court. Otherwise, the processes used are assumed to be reliable until proven otherwise.

More Than Just A Scribble On A Piece Of Paper

A movement that follows the digital age or a really advantageous process? As the electronic signature is used more and more frequently for everyday transactions, the following question arises: in what way is it more advantageous than the handwritten signature? What are his limits ? This signature process indeed has many advantages for its author. Here are a few : High level of s e SAFETY ed : the electronic signature is framed by eIDAS settlement, settlement developed around the electronic identification and sets strict standards for an electronic signature to be considered valid. Save time : no need to travel to the other side


of the world, the country or the office. Two interlocutors can sign a document directly from their computer and send it back instantly. Ecological : going digital can considerably reduce paper archiving, as well as limit the carbon footprints associated with sending mail or physically moving a person Lower costs : less paper, less ink and less printer maintenance costs; not to mention the travel costs avoided by its author. Some elements must nevertheless be taken into account in the choice of use of this process at the risk of nullifying or reducing its probative value. In addition to the fact that digital is not (yet!) 100% associated with security

A Movement That Follows The Digital

and confidentiality, it is also necessary to be rigorous in the choice of the electronic signature process. Indeed, some signatures require a higher level of security than others, at the risk of seeing their integrity discussed at the legal level. Regulation N o 910/2014 of the European Parliament and the Council of 23 July 2014 , also known as “eIDAS” has it classified the types of electronic signatures in three categories that do not have the same evidentiary value: the simple signature, advanced signature, and qualified signature. What type for what use? A simple signature is the most widely used type of electronic signature on the

market (around 90%!). This is the process that requires a minimum of security and authentication (for example: identification by a simple email address). Its “simple” character is also attributed to it by its ease and fluidity of use. There are no mandatory criteria to meet. An additional identity validation step can nevertheless be added to reinforce its authenticity (system for sending a code by SMS, for example). Main uses : current acts of which the legal or financial consequences are of low intensity for its signatory. Example : employment contract, SEPA direct debit mandate, adherence to T & Cs / T & Cs … The advanced signature has a more advanced signatory authentication system than the previous one.

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